Argentina's Grape Varietals
Argentina has great soils and climates to cultivate in exceptional ways, year after year, different varietals.
Originally from southwest France and Bordeaux, it is the red varietal that has experienced the best adaptation to Argentine soil, providing consumers exceptional wines. Intense aromas, very concentrated purple color and exciting taste: without any doubt Argentina produces the best Malbecs of the world. Ranges from light and young red wines with fruit-forward aromatics to full-bodied inky wines with sweet tannins and great aging potential. Typical aromas of plums, berries, and violets and crisp, chewy tannins; it is grown in all the winemaking areas in the country with different resulting characteristics. Wtih Malbec as its standard, Argentine wineries are gaining a position among the best wines in the world. Food pairings:It matches very well with creole barbecue or red meats in general, also pastas, pizzas and hard cheese.
There are 97,000 acres planted in Argentina.
Bonarda is the second most planted fine grape in Argentina, just behind Malbec. It is commonly found in the east part of Mendoza, (where it is warmer) where it produces high-yield table wine. However in cooler parts of Mendoza you can find low-yield vineyards which produce very high quality wine. It is not the same as the two Bonardas in Piamonte, Italy, it is related to Douce Noir in Savoie, France (also known as Charbono). However just like Malbec, Bonarda in Argentina has found its place in the world with a promising future, showing its intense purple color, fruity aromas and round tannins. Food pairings: This wine is very food friendly; try it with chicken and red meat.
There are 47,000 acres planted in Argentina.
Historically associated with the grand Bordeaux wines, it is the most widely recognized red variety in the world, due to the easy adaptation of this vine in different winemaking regions. It produces wine rich in tannin and color with firm acidity, it has affinity for oak and can spend many months in it. In Argentina this variety is grown from Salta (North of the country) to Rio Negro (Patagonia) and provides powerful wines with pleasant aromas and notes that remind us of strawberry, red peppers, cherries and spices. The tannins in Argentine Cabernets are often softer and rounder than those from other parts of the world. Food pairings: Mainly red meat, stuffed peppers, with stews that accompany pasta. Grilled meats are an excellent match for this varietal.
There are 40,400 acres planted in Argentina.
Just as Malbec is considered Argentina's unique, great red wine, Torrontés is considered its best white. Of doubtful origin, it is thought to come from
the Mediterranean. Related to the muscatels, currently it is grown in the Iberian Peninsula and in Argentina, where without any doubt comes the best example of this varietal.
Torrontés has a very particular aromatic essence of peach and flowers such as rose or jasmine, and has excellent examples coming from Salta, La Rioja, and San Juan.
Food pairing: empanadas or seafood salad as well as spicy dishes.
There are 19,000 acres planted in Argentina
Syrah has gained his reputation in the great wines of Cote du Rhone and is Australia's flagship varietal (as “Shiraz”). It is a vigorous and solid wine, with rich and distinctive flavors of pepper, spice, black cherry, tar, meat and leather with round tannins and intense aromas. In Argentina this variety promising future in high quality production. Food pairings: It is ideal to match with game meat, like duck or venison also with turkey, chicken, sausages and cold meat.
There are 31,000 acres planted in Argentina.
This variety from the Southwest of France is the second most traditional and significant vine of
the greatest Bordeaux wines. It has adapted very well in different parts of the world. Argentina
produces excellent Merlot varietals, among which Merlot from the Province of Rio Negro stand out,
in their young or fruity version or with oak aging. As a wine, Argentina's style of Merlot
is more like a Cabernet, with similar currant and cherry flavors and firm tannins.
Food pairings: Merlot is very versatile and can dishes such as lamb, dishes with beans, nuts, grilled vegetables, and
There are 15,500 acres planted in Argentina.
As Cabernet is the king of the reds, so Chardonnay is the king of white wines. Coming from Burgundy, it has adapted very well across the world, producing
good results in very diverse sites, from the cold weather of the Champagne region to the hottest tempreatures of Australia. In Argentina, the wine
offers bold ripe, rich and intense fruit flavors of apple, fig, melon, peach, pear, lemon, pineapple, along with honey, spic, butter, and hazelnut flavores. Food pairing:
In general, Chardonnay goes well with seafood and white meats. It's also a good option for vegetarian dishes. A young Chardonnay also works well with pasta.
There are 16,000 acres planted in Argentina.
Pinot Noir is the famous grape of Burgundy (Bourgogne), France.
Pinot Noir has very complex aromas with substantial flavor
despite its delicacy. It can be intense with a ripe-grape or black cherry aroma and a
spiciness that suggests cinnamon or mint. Ripe tomato, mushroom, and barnyard are also common
descriptors for identifying Pinot Noir. Grows very well in cool climates with long sun exposure
like Patagonia. Food pairings: It harmonizes well with grilled salmon, a good cut of plain roast
beef, or any dish that features mushrooms as the main flavor element.
There are 4,453 acres planted in Argentina.
It is the main white grape from Burdeaux and Loire Valley, France. It has adapted very well to different viticultural
regions in the world, such as New Zealand, the Northeast of Italy, Chile, the coast valleys of California, Australia, and Argentina.
It has citrus and herbal aromas and is crisp and refreshing.
There are 5,700 acres planted in Argentina.
Originally from Spain, where is the main grape responsible for the great La Rioja wines.
The Tempranillo is tremendously versatile in Argentina, where it was introduced by the
Spanish immigrants at the beginning of the twentieth century. Tempranillo is distinctive for
its supple texture, high tannins, medium to full body, and spice, raspberry, cherry and anise
flavors. In premium Argentine terroirs, such as La Consulta, it can produce very high quality
wines. Food pairings: It is very versatile to pair with food, it is great with meat dishes as well as chicken, pork, and even vegetables
There are 15,500 acres planted in Argentina.
This grape is originally from Cote du Rhone, France. In Argentina it produces wies that commonly have
aromas of orange blossom, honey, tropical fruits, and anise. Food pairings: Spicy dishes and grilled fish and chicken.
There are 2,000 acres planted in Argentina.
Tannat is originally from France. It is the traditional grape of Madiran in southwest France
and the national grape of Uruguay. The grape is famous for its intense tannins and body,
as well as its dense purple-red color and smoky aromas of spice, plums and raspberries.
In Argentina Tannat does particularly well in Cafayate, Salta. Food pairings:
It pairs well with meats, barbecues, and mature cheeses.
There are 1,700 acres planted in Argentina.